A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick

By Gwendolyn Leick

This Dictionary provides a entire survey of the entire diversity of old close to japanese structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the imperative types of historic structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes positive aspects of significant websites comparable to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to some of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of commonplace historic architectural buildings similar to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the development fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.

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The site was inhabited until the 2nd C BC. The royal and holy city of Babylon was surrounded by a rectangular, impressively strong double wall built of baked brick. A second, outer wall, some ten miles long, protected parts of the city’s large suburbs, and its ‘green belt’ consisted mainly of date palm groves. The normal population was around 26 100,000 but it has been estimated that up to a quarter of a million people may have actually lived in ‘greater Babylon’. Most of the public buildings were situated in the Inner City of roughly square plan, bisected by the Euphrates into two unequal parts.

The ground plan of the temple conformed to the late Babylonian type: a broad transverse anteroom preceded the main sanctuary which contained the statue of the god in a deep niche opposite the doorway. Subsidiary rooms were grouped around three sides of the rectangular inner courtyard. Nothing of the fabulous wealth and luxurious fittings, which Nebukadrezzar described in his inscriptions, has survived the greed of plunderers. , ‘Das Hauptheiligtum des Marduk in Babylon: Esagila und Etemenanki’, WVDOG 59 (Leipzig 1938) Babylonian architecture After the fall of Nineveh in 612 BC which marked the end of the Assyrian empire, Babylon established itself as the last independent major Mesopotamian power until it was conquered by the Persian king Cyrus in 539 BC.

Archaeological evidence revealed that ‘High Places’ were not exclusively openair sanctuaries on hills or mountain-sides. They could also be installed on lower ground and in cities. In this context, the term denotes the whole Canaanite cult area including altars, courtyards, store houses etc (see MEGIDDO, ARAD, HAZOR). barque chapel Kiln for the fabrication of baked bricks, Luxor (Egypt) 30 In Egyptian temples the barques used for the ritual journeys of the gods were stored in small peripteral chapels on a podium with a central stand for the barque.

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