By Grigori Sidorov, Sabino Miranda-Jiménez, Francisco Viveros-Jiménez, Alexander Gelbukh (auth.), Ildar Batyrshin, Miguel González Mendoza (eds.)
The two-volume set LNAI 7629 and LNAI 7630 constitutes the refereed complaints of the eleventh Mexican foreign convention on man made Intelligence, MICAI 2012, held in San Luis Potosí, Mexico, in October/November 2012. The eighty revised papers offered have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 224 submissions. the 1st quantity comprises forty papers representing the present major subject matters of curiosity for the AI group and their purposes. The papers are equipped within the following topical sections: desktop studying and trend popularity; laptop imaginative and prescient and photo processing; robotics; wisdom illustration, reasoning, and scheduling; clinical purposes of synthetic intelligence.
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Extra resources for Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 11th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2012, San Luis Potosí, Mexico, October 27 – November 4, 2012. Revised Selected Papers, Part I
Nonetheless, we observed a few patterns that may prove helpful. Our experiments have demonstrated that initializations based on hierarchical clustering tend to ﬁnd initial centroids that minimise the amount of iterations K-Means takes to converge. We can observe this in our experiments with the Agglomerative Ward and Divisive Ward criterion, but due to poor scalability these may not be the best options when dealing with large datasets. It seems that iK-Means and the Hartigan and Wong algorithm are the most scalable of the algorithms we experimented with, but the latter seems unable to minimise the number of K-Means iterations.
SK }, its centroid is the 1 + (k − 1) ∗ [N/K]th entity. Hartigan and Wong state that, using this method, no cluster will be empty after the ﬁrst assignment of entities to centroids. We have formalized the algorithm as follows: 1. Order all N entities in the dataset in respect to the gravity centre. 2. For each cluster in S, set its centroid equal to 1 + (k − 1) ∗ [N/K]th entity. Hierarchical Agglomerative Ward. Ward’s hierarchical method  allows the creation of a dendrogram describing the whole dataset.
If not all data is clustered, go to Step 1. 5. Remove any cluster whose cardinality is below a user-speciﬁed threshold. 6. Using the found centroids, apply K-Means. In our experiments, we were not interested in ﬁnding the quantity of clusters in the datasets, which is a complex problem on its own; hence when applying iK-Means, we set its threshold to zero and chose the K largest clusters, where K is the given number of clusters. Where two clusters had the same cardinality, preference was given to the one that was found ﬁrst, as this was the the most anomalous.