Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near by Oscar White Muscarella

By Oscar White Muscarella

'Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the traditional close to East' follows the evolution of the author’s scholarly paintings and pursuits and is split into a number of different types of interrelated fields. the 1st half offers basically with excavations and linked artifacts, concerns in historical geography and the id of historical websites in northwest Iran, the author’s examine regarding the tradition and chronology of the Phrygian capital at Gordion in Anatolia, and the chronology and Iranian cultural relatives of a domain within the Emirate of Sharjah. half is wide-ranging and comprises chapters on Aegean and old close to japanese cultural and political interconnections, the position of fibulae in revealing cultural and chronological concerns, and the gender-determined utilization of parasols and their attractiveness in excavated contexts. There also are articles particularly desirous about “Plunder tradition” and the forgery of either items and their alleged proveniences.

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Additional resources for Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East : Sites, Cultures, and Proveniences

Sample text

It would therefore be premature to arrive at a negative conclusion concerning the presence of a circular stone revetment, as was excavated in both Tumulus I and Tumulus III. The tomb area and the overlying circular rock pile have been cleared, but not the outer areas of the tumulus. Perhaps during a future season conditions in the pea field will allow a test trench to be dug in a search for a revetment. Tumulus III Tumulus III was selected for excavation because it represents a mediumsized example, being 3 meters in height and about 35 meters in preserved diameter (Figure 17).

No burial was found, but the construction is certainly similar to that employed in grave tumuli: Hesperia 25 (1956) p. 150, fig. 3, pp. , fig. 5. the tumuli at sé girdan: a preliminary report 37 but the same general idea—an encircling of the tumulus with stones— seems to be in evidence. And it is this feature that particularly relates the Sé Girdan tumuli to those known in Europe. An important difference may be seen in the fact that it was normal for a European tumulus to have a tomb built directly under its center.

One might conclude that early stone robbing would account for these irregularities. I prefer to leave the matter open but suggest that the revetments were meant to be covered, as concluded in the text.

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