Autonomy and Schooling by Eamonn Callan

By Eamonn Callan

Eamonn Callan attracts on modern paintings in ethics and social philosophy to stipulate a concept of the character and price of freedom and autonomy which helps quite a number child-centred guidelines. He argues for a curriculum that's adapted to the pursuits of the person baby, even the place this could contain early specialization. obligatory education is defended on paternalistic grounds, although it's famous that the scope of justified compulsion will be narrower than we generally imagine. ultimately, Callan means that on the larger degrees of education there's a robust case for broad scholar participation within the govt of colleges.

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9 The interests which befit specific roles are norrowly demarcated, and roles are allocated according to customs which leave little space for individual predilections. One is born to be a warrior, a hunter, and so forth. Such cultures are rapidly fading and our distance from them is partly evidenced by the assumption we are apt to make that the meaning of one's life is something one creates in large part (or fails to create) rather than something that is just found in immemorial and unchangeable traditions.

Any behaviour which can be explained in terms of the agent's choices will manifest these characteristics at least minimally, although my concern will be with autonomy as an ideal which is only faintly reflected in many lives. Before explaining what I mean by " realism" and "independence of mind," I shall discuss the concept of interest in some detail. The individual's interests constitute the very core of her motivational structure. A study of that concept will help us to understand how the will can be regulated in an autonomous fashion.

Mary's sin was to destroy a very weighty constitutive value in that the removal of the couplet seriously detracted from the intrinsic value of the entire poem. 20 I also want to argue that some liberties have extremely weighty constitutive value because they have an especially intimate connection with the good of autonomy. What I have in mind is this. The possession of freedom is not strictly a constitu- 24 Autonomy and Schooling ent of the autonomous character. My character might instantiate autonomy more fully than anyone who has ever lived.

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