Avicenna (Great Medieval Thinkers) by Jon McGinnis

By Jon McGinnis

Ibn Sina (980-1037), often called Avicenna in Latin, performed a substantial function within the improvement of either jap and Western philosophy and technology. His contributions to the fields of common sense, normal technology, psychology, metaphysics, theology, or even medication have been titanic. His paintings was once to have an important effect on Thomas Aquinas, between others, who explicitly and often drew upon the information of his Muslim predecessor. Avicenna additionally affected the taking into consideration the good Islamic theologian al-Ghazali, who asserted that if you can actually exhibit the incoherence of Avicenna's notion, then one might have confirmed the incoherence of philosophy typically. yet Avicenna's impact isn't restrained to the medieval interval. His good judgment, average philosophy, and metaphysics are nonetheless taught within the Islamic international as residing philosophy, and plenty of modern Catholic and evangelical Christian philosophers proceed to come across his rules via Aquinas's paintings. utilizing a small handful of novel insights, Avicenna not just was once in a position to handle a number of matters that had stricken past philosophers in either the traditional Hellenistic and medieval Islamic worlds, but in addition essentially replaced the course of philosophy, within the Islamic East in addition to in Jewish and Christian milieus.

Despite Avicenna's very important position within the heritage of rules, there was no unmarried quantity that either acknowledges the whole diversity of his highbrow job and gives a rigorous research of his philosophical pondering. This ebook fills that desire. In Avicenna Jon McGinnis presents a normal advent to the thinker's highbrow procedure and gives a cautious philosophical research of significant elements of his paintings in transparent prose that may be available to scholars in addition to to experts in Islamic reports, philosophy, and the heritage of science.

Show description

Read or Download Avicenna (Great Medieval Thinkers) PDF

Best islam books

The Concise History of the Crusades (3rd Edition)

What's the dating among the medieval crusades and the issues of the trendy heart East? have been the crusades the Christian an identical of Muslim jihad? during this sweeping but crisp background, Thomas F. Madden deals an excellent and compelling narrative of the crusades and their modern relevance.

The Shia Revival: How Conflicts within Islam Will Shape the Future

"Historically incisive, geographically broad-reaching, and brimming with illuminating anecdotes. "—Max Rodenbeck, ny evaluate of Books

Iranian-born pupil Vali Nasr has turn into one among America's prime commentators on present occasions within the center East, renowned and welcomed by means of either media and executive for his "concise and coherent" research (Wall highway magazine, front-page profile). during this "remarkable work" (Anderson Cooper), Nasr brilliantly dissects the political and theological antagonisms inside Islam, supplying a distinct and goal figuring out of the 1,400-year sour fight among Shias and Sunnis and laying off an important mild on its modern day outcomes.

Islam Dot Com: Contemporary Islamic Discourses in Cyberspace (The Palgrave Macmillan Series in Internatioal Political Communication)

This e-book analyzes the discourses and deliberations within the dialogue boards of 3 of the main visited Islamic web content. In doing so, it explores the capability effect of the Islamic public sphere, and the re-configuration of the ‘virtual umma’ (Islamic group) on-line, at the production of a number of identities and resistances, which show up themselves via a number of Islamic websites, generating various levels of consensus, divergence, and negotiation in a number of contexts and throughout various discourses.

Sufi Bodies: Religion and Society in Medieval Islam

Among 1300 and 1500 C. E. a brand new kind of Sufi Islam took carry between important Islamic peoples, becoming a member of contributors via common networks equivalent to latest admired paths and orders. knowing modern Sufism calls for a cosmopolitan research of those youth. relocating past a immediately account of leaders and events, Shahzad Bashir weaves a wealthy historical past round the depiction of physically activities by way of Sufi masters and disciples, essentially in Sufi literature and Persian miniature work of the interval.

Extra info for Avicenna (Great Medieval Thinkers)

Example text

So, it is through the form that the matter came to subsist, and from the two [together] there came to subsist the composite that acts through its form and is affected through its matter. The final cause is that for the sake of which these forms were imprinted into matters. 6–9) Later in the Physics, Avicenna develops his account of these causes as they apply to natural science. Thus, concerning the efficient cause he adds that “the efficient cause among natural things is said of the principle of motion in another different from it qua other, 2 where I mean by ‘motion’ here any emergence from a potency in the matter into act.

In addition, such terms refer to a particular kind of motion, namely, exchange of place, and yet for Avicenna and the entire Aristotelian tradition, there are other kinds of motion as well, such as change of quantity or change of quality. 15–17). In either case, the purported definition for Avicenna lacks explanatory power, and so is to be rejected as a proper scientific or philosophical definition. Given his understanding of entelekheia, the issue for Avicenna was to explain how Aristotle’s definition of motion in fact describes a process.

There is also an important corollary that can be drawn from Avicenna’s point about the use of negations in defining the essences of things, namely, if something that purportedly has an essence cannot be defined in terms of positive factors, then, in fact, what one is conceptualizing is a vacuous concept. ) The positive features in the world with which genus and difference correspond are for Avicenna a thing’s material and formal causes respectively. Still, Avicenna argues that one cannot simply identify the logical notions of genus and difference with the material and formal causes that exist in external concrete particulars.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.62 of 5 – based on 26 votes