By Douglass W. Bailey
Интересная книга для праисторий Балксанского полуострова
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Extra resources for Balkan prehistory
These objects range from bone, stone and antler tools that were all previously widespread technologies, to non-vessel ceramics such as discs and models of houses and furniture, to new plants and animals and, even, to people themselves, as seen in burials and figurine portraiture. Taken together, these elements and technologies were symptoms of profound material changes in the ways people organized their lives and the relationships within and between their communities. These changes did not appear at one time across the regions of south-eastern Europe; nor, when they did appear in the different regions, did they do so in exactly the same combinations.
The creation of a leaf-point also represents a significant investment of time, the amount of which increases with the size of the tool produced. Sinclair suggested that the time required to produce a Solutrean leaf-point ranged from 20 to 30 minutes for a small example (4–5 cm long) to three to four hours for one 10–12 28 SETTING THE SCENE (BEFORE 6500 BC) cm long and to as much as eleven hours for the longest pieces (up to 30 cm) (Sinclair 1995:55). In terms of production, therefore, leaf-points represent significant personal skills in knapping and substantial investments of time.
Over the long term, the adoption of permanent architecture and pottery vessels was to have significant consequences in altering people’s lives. Other, similarly significant developments are evident. Most obvious is a general increase in the number and range of objects that people made, used and kept within the new built environments. These objects range from bone, stone and antler tools that were all previously widespread technologies, to non-vessel ceramics such as discs and models of houses and furniture, to new plants and animals and, even, to people themselves, as seen in burials and figurine portraiture.