Beam Shaping and Control with Nonlinear Optics by George I. Stegeman (auth.), F. Kajzar, R. Reinisch (eds.)

By George I. Stegeman (auth.), F. Kajzar, R. Reinisch (eds.)

The box of nonlinear optics, which has gone through a truly swift improvement because the discovery of lasers within the early sixties, remains to be an energetic and speedily constructing - seek quarter. The curiosity is especially as a result strength purposes of nonlinear optics: - rectly in telecommunications for top expense facts transmission, snapshot processing and popularity or not directly from the potential of acquiring huge wavelength variety tuneable lasers for functions in undefined, drugs, biology, facts garage and retrieval, and so on. New phenomena and fabrics proceed to seem usually, renewing the sector. This has confirmed to be very true during the last 5 years. New fabrics equivalent to organics were constructed with very huge moment- and third-order nonlinear optical responses. Imp- tant advancements within the components of photorefractivity, all optical phenomena, frequency conv- sion and electro-optics were saw. In parallel, a couple of new phenomena were suggested, a few of them not easy the formerly held ideas. for instance, solitons in keeping with second-order nonlinearities were saw in photorefractive fabrics and frequency doubling crystals, destroying the conception that 3rd order nonlinearities are - quired for his or her new release and propagation. New methods of making and manipulating nonl- ear optical fabrics were built. An instance is the construction of hugely nonlinear (second-order lively) polymers via static electrical box, photo-assisted or all-optical poling. Nonlinear optics includes, via definition, the manufactured from electromagnetic fields. As a con- quence, it results in the beam control.

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H. R. Dalton, W. Wang and Y. Shi, 22. “Demonstration of 110 Ghz electro-optic polymer modulators”, 70,3335-7 (1997) 23. extensive material listing by S. J. Webber editor (CRC Press, Ann Arbor, 1995) pp147-266 2 4 . E. Rosencher, A. Fiore, B. Vinter, V. Berger, Ph. Bois and J. Nagle, “Quantum Engineering of Optical Nonlinearities”, Science, 271, 168-173 (1996) 25. T. Doumuki, H. Tamada and M. Saitoh, “Phase-Matched Second-Harmonic Generation in Ta 2 O 5 /KTP Waveguide”, Appl. Phys. , 65,251-219 (1994).

Near-resonant" refers to the spectral region where there is a strong spectral dependence to the nonlinearity n2 and "non-resonant" is defined by the long wavelength limit where n2 becomes essentially independent of wavelength. Multiphoton processes involving the simultaneous interaction of three, four etc. photons with a molecular system can also occur. In general they require very high intensities to interfere with the one and two photon contributions. e. to terms with ∆ n ∝ n3 I + n4I etc. and ∆α ∝ α 3 I 2 + I3 α 4 3 etc.

Miyata, (Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1992) 8. D. Marcuse (1974) Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, Academic Press, New York; numerous articles in (1990) T. , Vol 26 in Electronics and Photonics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 9. H. Ito and H. Inaba, ,,Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation method in four-layered optical-waveguide structure“ Opt. Lett. 2: 139-141 (1978). 10. W. Wirges, S. Yilmaz, W. Brinker, S. Bauer-Gogonea, S. Bauer, M. I. Stegeman, M. Ahlheim, M. Stahelin, B.

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