Cancer Prevention: The Causes and Prevention of Cancer by G.A. Colditz, D.J. Hunter

By G.A. Colditz, D.J. Hunter

This quantity, the 1st within the new sequence melanoma Prevention - melanoma motives, is derived from the first and 2d experiences of the Harvard middle for melanoma Prevention released in melanoma explanations and keep an eye on, 1996; 7(Suppl 1) and 1997; 8(Suppl 2), respectively. during this quantity we extend on fabrics to summarize the facts on explanations of melanoma and to set forth a sequence of thoughts to advertise the prevention of melanoma. melanoma Prevention - melanoma factors is designed to supply a complete assessment of what we all know approximately melanoma chance within the usa (and different proven industry economies) and the preventive measures we will take to lessen the weight of melanoma. within the first half this quantity, we evaluation the explanations of human melanoma contemplating quite a lot of strength assets of threat resembling smoking, nutrition, sedentary way of life, occupational elements, viruses, and alcohol. We finish that melanoma is certainly preventable. Over 50 percentage of cancers might be avoided if lets enforce what we already learn about the reasons of melanoma. within the moment 1/2 this quantity, we summarize learn on prevention courses, public schooling campaigns, and social coverage measures for fighting melanoma. operating in faculties, overall healthiness clinics, and places of work in addition to during the mass media and within the political area, social scientists and future health educators are designing cutting edge and powerful health and wellbeing advertising courses to aid humans give up smoking, devour extra healthily, and workout extra.

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A prominent candidate was beta-carotene, but in two randomized trials, risk of lung cancer was higher among those given beta-carotene supplements. 4. PROSTATE CANCER Relatively little is known about risk factors for prostate cancer in general, and the nutritional epidemiology of the disease is equally enigmatic. Two recent follow-up studies have observed an increased risk among men with higher meat consumption [18, 19]; however, too few studies are available to reach firm conclusions. Vitamin A intake has been associated with both decreased risk, and increased risk, and few data are available for fiber or alcohol.

Among postmenopausal women, obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Adipose tissue is the primary source of estrogen among postmenopausal women who do not use hormone replacement therapy. Therefore, it is not surprising that the obesity-related increase in risk is restricted to women who do not use hormone replacement therapy [9]. Breast cancer is more common among Obesity 29 post- than premenopausal women, therefore, it is it fair to say obesity promotes more breast cancers than it prevents.

15. Fuchs C, Giovannucci E, Colditz G, et al. (1999) Dietary fiber and the risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma in women. N Engl J Med 340: 169-76. 16. Giovannucci E, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al (1993) Folate, methionine, and alcohol intake and risk of colorectal adenoma. J Natl Cancer Inst 85: 875-884. 17. Giovannucci E, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al. (1998) Multivitamin use, folate, and colon cancer in women in the Nurses' Health Study. Ann Intern Med 129: 517-524. 18. Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN, Wilkens LR, et al.

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