By A. R. Luria (auth.), Gary E. Schwartz, David Shapiro (eds.)
The before everything concrete truth which each one will verify to belong to his internal event is the truth that awareness of a few kind is going on. I -William James, 1893 we're witnessing this day a mounting curiosity between behavioral and organic scientists in difficulties lengthy famous as principal to our knowing of human nature, but till lately thought of out of the boundaries of clinical psychology and body structure. occasionally thrown into the heading of "altered states of consciousness," this starting to be study bears without delay upon such customary questions because the nature of wide awake adventure, the mind-body courting, and volition. If one extensively perspectives this examine as encompassing the 2 interrelated components of attention and self-regulation, you will see that many suitable modern examples of artistic and experimentally subtle techniques, together with learn at the rules of notion and sensory adventure, cognizance, imagery and pondering, emotion and soreness; hypnosis and meditation; biofeedback and volun tary regulate; hemispheric asymmetry and specialization of mind func tion; drug-induced subjective states; and organic rhythms. as the fabric is unfold over many alternative varieties of courses and disciplines, it truly is tough for someone individual to maintain totally abreast of the numerous advances. the general objective of the hot Plenum sequence in realization and Self-Regulation: Advances in examine is to supply a scholarly discussion board for discussing integration of those varied parts through providing the very best present examine and theory.
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Additional resources for Consciousness and Self-Regulation: Advances in Research and Theory Volume 2
These zones (composed mainly as regards their structure by interneurons or association neurons of the second and third layers of the cortex) have functions that differ significantly from those of the "primary" zones. After dozens of investigations in recent years, as before we still have no reason to doubt that these zones form the cortical apparatus for further processing of information, as a result of which incoming stimuli are integrated and encoded. The fact that these cortical zones receive impulses not only from the "primary" cortical areas but also from nuclei at a lower level in the thalamus and from cortical areas belonging to other systems (an example of this is the connections of the superior temporal region with the lower zones of the premotor and postcentral cortex described by Blinkov) introduces a fresh factor into their activity in the modifying and recoding of incoming information.
These include 14 A. R. LURIA the reception and processing (recoding) of information, with the selection of its most important elements and retention of the experience thus gained in the memory; enunciation of the task or formulation of an intention, with the preservation of the corresponding motives of activity, the creation of a pattern (or model) of the required action, and production of the appropriate program (plan) to control the selection of necessary actions; and finally, comparison of the results of the action with the original intention (the "1st-Wert," "Soll-Wert" of Bernshtein or, in Anokhin's expression, mobilization of the "action acceptor" apparatus), with correction of the mistakes made.
I shall never forget one case, that of a highly educated person who, as a result of an automobile accident, suffered a very severe closed head injury with petechial hemorrhages into the brain stem and diencephalon and who remained confused for a long time but could easily converse with the physician in four languages, had no difficulty in switching from one to the other, and never mixed these systems, which were firmly consolidated in his past experience. Consequently, there are no grounds for considering that the picture in such cases is to any extent the opposite of that I described above, namely, that in local lesions of the lateral zones of the cortex, direct orientation and the unity of the personality remain intact, whereas the effector (operative) aspect of activity is severely disturbed.