Current status of sugarcane research in India by A. K. Tiwari, M. Lal, A. K. Singh

By A. K. Tiwari, M. Lal, A. K. Singh

Sugarcane is among the most vital vegetation commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen nations of the realm. India is a huge manufacturer in addition to customer of sugar on this planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the full sugar creation on the planet. A quantum of sugar is made out of sugarcane, despite the fact that, this crop faces a couple of difficulties equivalent to low Read more...

summary: Sugarcane is among the most vital plants commercially grown in approximately one hundred fifteen international locations of the realm. India is a huge manufacturer in addition to buyer of sugar on the earth and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the whole sugar creation on the planet. A quantum of sugar is made out of sugarcane, even though, this crop faces a few difficulties similar to low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive rate of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and occasional sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane study started firstly of the nineteenth

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Farsangi et al. understanding of the regulation of ScMYBAS1 expression and provide a new stress-inducible promoter system in transgenic plants. To enhance the insight of the response to the changing environments and the role of MYB genes in the control of plant-specific processes, isolation and analysis of MYB genes from the wild relative species of sugarcane was undertaken. To cope up with the upcoming research findings and to unravel the structural predictions of transcription factor proteins, computational sciences have been proposed.

The genus is characterized by clonal propagation, complex aneu-polyploidy and high levels of heterozygosity. It is comprised of six species, namely S. officinarum L. (2n = 80), two wild species S. robustum Brandes and Jeswiet ex Grassl (2n = 60–80) and S. spontaneum L. (2n = 40–128) and three secondary species S. barberi Jeswiet. (2n = 81–124), S. sinense Roxb. (2n =111–120) and S. edule Hassk. (2n = 60, 70, 80) [3], S. officinarum, S. spontaneum and S. robustum represent the basic species. ) Jeswiet, S.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Approaches Rapid production of healthy planting material through micro propagation Identification of suitable clones through Zonal Varietal Testing Exploring possibilities for crossing programme at Madanapalle / Araku areas Screening of sugarcane clones for quality jaggery Working out of optimum water requirement in relation to age of crop, atmospheric temperature, humidity and wind flow conditions Standardization of fertigation schedule for sugarcane Nutritional requirement for sugarcane under wide row planting Revision of fertilizer schedule based on soil test results Evolving of ICM practices to reduce cost of production Research on exploitation of potential of micro nutrients Research on effective utilization of distillery effluents Establishment of trash decomposing culture unit Production and supply of bio-agents against scale, whitefly, mealy bug, while grub and red rot Enhancement of parasitoid efficiency though info-chemicals against sugarcane pests.

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