By John Renard
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Extra info for Islamic theological themes : a primary source reader
And who dispatches, from the [depths of] His mercy, the winds with good news? Is there [another deity] beside God? God far transcends anything [idolaters] equate with Him” (27:62–63). Immanence: The Verse of Light and God’s Anthropomorphic Features Often less appreciated by non-Muslims are the numerous allusions to God’s accessibility and affinity with His creation (tashbīh). Here the images of pervasive light and references to God’s face, eyes, and hands offer a sense of this dimension of the divine being.
Texts God is the light of heaven and earth. Picture His light as a niche within which there is a lamp, and the lamp is within a glass. And it is as though the glass were a glittering star lit from a sacred olive tree neither of east nor west, whose oil would fairly radiate even without the touch of fire. Light upon light, and God guides to His light whom He will. (24:35) To God belong the east and the west and no matter where you turn, there is the face of God. Truly God is all-suffusing. . (2:115) I am truly near: I answer the prayer of the petitioner who beseeches me.
Texts [To those who are convinced their deeds will entail no recompense:] On the contrary, those who choose wickedness and surround themselves in sinfulness will be the denizens of the Fire [of Hell] where they will reside eternally; while people of faith and good deeds will inhabit the Garden [of Paradise] forever. (2:81–82) God tasks no soul beyond its capacity. To each redound both the benefits and the liabilities of its choices. [One ought to pray:] “O our Lord, do not dismiss us if we succumb to forgetfulness or sin.