Papers from the Third International Conference on Historical by J. Peter Maher, Allan R. Bomhard, E.F.K. Koerner

By J. Peter Maher, Allan R. Bomhard, E.F.K. Koerner

The papers during this quantity are a variety from these awarded on the third foreign convention on historic Linguistics (ICHL), held in 1977 on the college of Hamburg. those chosen papers care for a wide selection of matters, a few from a extra general-theoretical standpoint, a few deriving new theoretical insights from language information starting from Ojibwa to Old-Saxon.

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Extra info for Papers from the Third International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Hamburg, August 22-26, 1977

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1. , Lehiste and Ivic 1963) have shown that the main distinctive characteristic of the rising tonal ac­ cents is the high pitch of the first postaccentuai syllable nucleus. The final syllable of a word can never have a rising tone. 2. Browne and McCawley (1965) have argued that the Standard SerboCroatian system can be described by marking the aforementioned high pitch as the accent, cf. Browne and McCawley 1965:151: A new treatment is proposed which markes only the syllable after a rising (since risings never occur on the last syllable of a word); certain words with falling accent are marked on the first syllable and others, although phonetically identical, are left unmarked.

When this is done, a rule which puts an accent on the first syllable of an unmarked phonological word will suffice to characterize the behavior of combinations of words with procli­ tics; moreover, many accentual alternations will be describable very simply, namely by rules which either delete the accent mark from an ending or shift the accent one syllable to the left. Browne and McCawley thus make a distinction between br ' a t - a "brother" (gen. ) and med-a "honey" (gen. ), although both have a phone­ tically identical short falling tone.

1. We try to become aware of language change by collecting data from different points of time (real time), while Trudgill tried to do so by collecting data from people of different age groups (apparent time). , forty-year-old people in a certain society and the speech of people of the same age 60 years ago. On the other hand, study of language change by employing apparent time has been initiated and stimulated by sociolinguists (Labov 1966, Trudgill 1974). The principle of apparent time is based on the idea that the speech of a person of 80 can be considered as a re­ flection of the speech of the younger generation 60 years ago, and that the speech of a person of 60 can be considered as a reflection of the speech of the younger generation 40 years ago, etc.

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